And the 20s. And 30s. [Still have to return to that other post and put in the Foner quotes…]

Finally got around to reading some stuff on disability studies and disability history I’ve been meaning to look at [I am perpetually behind, curses]. Notes will come later. For now, a bit of poking around online turns up the following which I throw here as a reminder to come back to them and see what I can see.

1. Social Security of 1935
http://www.ssa.gov/history/35actinx.html

Look at this TITLE X- GRANTS TO STATES FOR AID TO THE BLIND

http://www.ssa.gov/history/35actpre.html

The Social Security Act (Act of August 14, 1935) [H. R. 7260]
PREAMBLE

An act to provide for the general welfare by establishing a system of Federal old-age benefits, and by enabling the several States to make more adequate provision for aged persons, blind persons, dependent and crippled children, maternal and child welfare, public health, and the administration of their unemployment compensation laws; to establish a Social Security Board; to raise revenue; and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

TITLE V- GRANTS TO STATES FOR MATERNAL AND CHILD WELFARE

PART 1-MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH SERVICES
PART 2-SERVICES FOR CRIPPLED CHILDREN
PART 3-CHILD WELFARE SERVICES
PART 4-VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION
PART 5-ADMINISTRATION

http://www.ssa.gov/history/35actv.html#Part2

PART 4- VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION

SEC. 531. (a) In order to enable the United States to cooperate with the States and Hawaii in extending and strengthening their programs of vocational rehabilitation of the physically disabled, and to continue to carry out the provisions and purposes of the Act entitled An Act to provide for the promotion of vocational rehabilitation of persons disabled in industry or otherwise and their return to civil employment , approved June 2, 1920, as amended (U.S.C., title 29, ch. 4; U.S.C., Supp. VII title 29, secs. 31, 32, 34, 35, 37, 39, and 40), there is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1936, and June 30, 1937, the sum of $841,000 for each such fiscal year in addition to the amount of the existing authorization (…)

Crippled and disabled. Reflect on the meanings of the terms. Vocational rehabilitation – to render someone able to work. Trying to find info on the voc-rehab act mentioned.

See (on Google Books, author is listed as just Wisconsin) Laws of Wisconsin, 1921 edition, chapter 534 (starting on p874)”The Rehabilitation Law” responding to the federal act, creates a state board of voc-ed among other things.

sec 3 (a) defines “physically handicapped” for the purposes of the act as the condition resulting from “a physical defect of infirmity, whether congenital or acquired by accident, injury, or disease”
in which one “is or may be expected to be totally or partially incapacitated for remunerative occupation, and who may reasonably be expected to be fit to engage in a remunerative occupation after completing a vocational rehabilitation course.” (p874-875)

What about people who weren’t expected to be able to work after voc rehab? Must be some reference to them somewhere.

Sec 8 “The industrial commission shall communicate to the board all reports made to the said commission of cases of injury to employes [sic] which in the opinion of the commission may render the person injured physically handicapped; and shall cooperate with the board in carrying out the provisions of this section.” (877.)

Makes Industrial Commission a part (even more a part, really, as it had been a part to some degree before too) of the administration of disability.

Reference here – http://www.uphs.upenn.edu/rehabmed/historical/chap2.html – to “compensable disabled.” Look further.

See American Law Reports Annotated, “1922 – Law reports, digests, etc” on google books; p78 has several injury cases including people who got hurt then got sick and died. The suits claimed the injuries had weakened them in such a way that they were newly susceptible to disease; in some cases – winning cases I mean – the deaths were successfully established as due to workplace injury.

See The Crippled and the Disabled By Henry Howard Kessler (book)

See also 16th Biennial Report of the MN Dept of Labor and Industry

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